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Gum disease is a general term used to describe an inflammation or infection of the gum tissues that afflicts an estimated 47% of adults over the age of 30. While the primary cause is hardened tartar at the gum line, habits like tobacco use and certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, can serve as increased risk factors

The earliest form of gum disease is gingivitis. Telltale symptoms include red or inflamed gums that bleed easily during brushing and flossing as well as problems with chronic bad breath. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you should schedule an appointment with Dr. Matthew Fethke and Dr. Matthew Kooyman to get a better understanding of your treatment options.

It’s important to treat gingivitis before it can develop into the most dangerous form of gum disease known as periodontitis. This level of infection in the gum tissues can cause your gums to recede from the base of your teeth. This enables pockets of infection to form deep within the gum tissues. In time, it can even cause a loss of structure in the bones that anchor your teeth.

The systemic inflammation associated with periodontal disease can also impact your immune system. Continuing research has found that this can related to other medical conditions including diabetes, heart disease and certain types of cancer. You should note that while periodontal disease cannot not cause these conditions, they do seem to have some level of impact or can limit your treatment options.

If you are experiencing any symptoms of gum disease, you should not delay in contacting High Desert Dental in Boise, Idaho, at 208-343-4732 to seek treatment. Together we will help you keep your smile healthy and confident!